The determination of the value and boundaries of a property by the state is called cadastre. This process is the systematic numbering of properties and marking them on the map. Properties are necessarily registered in the system and receive a unique number.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF CADASTRE?
The cadastre is divided into three as financial, legal, and geometric according to the transactions to be made.
• Financial Cadastre: It is the process of determining the value of the property.
• Geometric Cadastre: It is the process of determining the property’s location and boundaries by making measurements.
• Legal Cadastre: It is the process of determining the rights of the real estate owner on the real estate.
WHAT DOES CADASTRE DO?
The most important purpose of the cadastral process is to register and control the properties. Thanks to this process, unregistered undeeded properties become title deeds. By determining the owner of the immovable property, future disputes are prevented. Any changes to be made regarding the immovable property are updated in the system so that any problems that may arise can be solved more easily.
The value of the real estate is important for the real estate tax that must be paid in certain periods. Since the value of the property will be determined by the cadastral process, the tax to be paid is calculated accordingly.
The owner of the property must know his rights on the property. The property status on the plan is clarified since it will determine the size and boundaries of the land by making the cadastral process that concerns both the property owners around it and itself.
These processes also form the basis for rural development and zoning planning.
WHAT IS A CADASTRE PLOT?
The cadastral parcel is defined in the zoning law numbered 3194 as “the parcel with the property registration in the cadastral islands when the cadastre was made”. However, with a simpler definition, we can say that the piece of land that has a place in the land registry and whose parcel number and owner is known is a cadastral parcel. These parcels are raw parcels for which roads, social facilities and cultural areas have not been determined and no share has been allocated for these areas. After the zoning plan and zoning applications, cadastral parcels are replaced by zoning parcels.
WHAT IS CADASTRE DIAMETER?
The cadastral diameter is the document containing the measurement information of the entire parcel, not just the constructionable areas. Parts outside the zoning area are marked on the same parcel throughout the cadastre; a separate diameter arrangement is not made for this. The cadastral diameter is prepared and given by the municipalities.